A Beginner's Guide to the Dead Sea, Israel

The Dead Sea gets its name because its amazing levels of salinity makes it a harsh environment in which animals really find it impossible to survive. The name "the Dead Sea" was actually adopted by various European languages.

Historically, the Dead Sea formed part of the ancient "Lake Lisan", the lake which once extended from the north of the Sea of ​​Galilee to the Arava desert. It is the lowest point on earth at approximately 417 meters below sea level. It's ten times saltier than the Mediterranean Sea with a salinity of 340 grams per liter. Obviously, going for a swim is tricky! But floating could not be easier – or more relaxing!

The air in the region is high in oxygen but low in pollens and other allergens. Air temperature is high even during the winter months. What makes the region extra special is the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays are naturally filtered, making it possible to lie out in the sun without the pain and discomfort of burning. This is a great factor for many people who suffer from skin diseases. The waters next to some parts of the coast also contain black mud deposits which are highly mineral enriched and a big part of any health and beauty treatments in the area.

The region's historical sites, which include Massada, Qumran, Jericho, Ein Gedi, the Roman fortresses and the monasteries in the Judea Desert, are among the most renamed in the world. There are also nature reserves, and plenty of beautiful scenes of arid deserts and oases alongside pools and waterfalls, full of stunning flora and fauna.

Great investment is made in the tourist industry in the region with the development of 4,000 hotel rooms of various standards, kibbutz resort villas, and other accommodation facilities. There are many exciting and unique activities for people visiting the Dead Sea region to enjoy including desert tours – on foot, in special vehicles or even on camel – Bedouin accommodation, rock climbing and repelling, and archeological and agricultural tours.

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